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The global burden of Plasmodium falciparum malaria has declined substantially since 2000,

but declines have not been universal and areas of high burden persist in many countries. Previous research attributed declines in P falciparum burden to the scale-up of malaria control interventions, while indirect factors such as expanded access to improved health care and increasing levels of urbanisation have also contributed to P falciparum parasite rate declines. The confluence of historical P falciparum burden, environmental suitability for transmission, and varying levels of malaria control results in complex spatiotemporal patterns of prevalence, incidence, and mortality.
Establishing the spatiotemporal patterns in global malaria maps is necessary to contextualise changes in burden relative to shifting disease control policy, funding, and implementation. Here, we present