In 2016, there were approximately 0·7 billion children younger than 5 years of age and 1·2 billion children aged 5–14 years globally.
Global death totals for children aged 5–14 years are about one sixth of those of younger children and death rates among children at these ages are among the lowest during the human lifespan, but they are not insubstantial.
Recently, attention has focused on better quantification of the death rates and causes for children aged 5–14 years. Hill and colleagues, using country-level survey data, estimated 1·5 million deaths among children aged 5–14 years in 2010.
The UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) estimated that about 1 million children aged 5–14 years died in 2017, whereas the UN World Population Prospects (WPP) estimated this number as 1·2 million.
By contrast, the model-based Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) estimated………..continue reading at..