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Cardiovascular disease is a global epidemic with 80% of the burden of disease in low-income and middle-income countries.1 Diet is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable diseases and current guidelines recommend a low-fat diet (<30% of energy) and limiting saturated fatty acids to less than 10% of energy intake by replacing them with unsaturated fatty acids.2 However, recommendations on lowering saturated fatty acids are largely based on one ecological study3 and observational studies done in European and North American countries such as Finland, where the intake of saturated fatty acids (about 20% of total energy intake) and cardiovascular disease mortality were……..continue reading https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)32252-3/fulltext