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Preterm birth is the most common cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality globally, affecting about 15 million children every year.1 Of children born preterm, an estimated 2·4 million (15·6%) are born extremely preterm (before 28 weeks gestation) or very preterm (before 32 weeks gestation).1Furthermore, some 1 million children every year die as a consequence of preterm birth or its complications.1 In 2014, the Preterm Birth Priority Setting Partnership in the UK identified prediction and prevention of preterm birth as the top research……..continue reading